Etude du vieillissement des aérosols inorganiques industriels en milieu urbain

Abstract : During their transport in the atmosphere, aerosols are subject, for example, to aggregation and condensation processes on their surfaces. These processes, so-called aging, depend on particle residence time in the atmosphere, meteorological conditions and chemical environment. This study aims to characterize inorganic aerosols and to highlight their physico-chemical evolution on a few tens of thousands meters, from an industrial area to the urban environment of Dunkirk (Northern France), in which PM₁₀ concentrations are quite important. It notably includes reporting on the evolution of primary particles during the formation of secondary inorganic aerosols. First, a new analytical methodology of inorganic aerosols, at low temperature, with cryo-electronic microscopy (cryo-TSEM-EDX) has been developed. Our goal was to characterize the mixing state of secondary atmospheric components (semi-volatile components) with primary aerosols. These analytical developments have been realized with model particles, before validation on real atmospheric particles. In a second time, the study of physico-chemical processes involved in the aging of industrial inorganic aerosols has been undertaken through an intensive field campaign. The objective is to describe the particles evolution between the industrial zone and receptor sites located in the suburb of Dunkirk. Our main results show that Fe-rich particles (Fe oxides), released in the atmosphere by steelworks, incorporate particulate organic matter in a few kilometers, between the source and receptor sites. In addition, the formation of secondary inorganic aerosols (SIA), not present at the source, has been evidenced. Clearly, these SIA have been formed during the transport of air masses over the urban area.
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Sarah Guilbaud. Etude du vieillissement des aérosols inorganiques industriels en milieu urbain. Génie chimique. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018DUNK0524⟩. ⟨tel-02191489⟩

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