Étude comparative des trajectoires développementales de personnes présentant un Trouble du Spectre de l'Autisme (TSA) et bénéficiant d'interventions psycho-éducatives

Abstract : Backgroud : The treatment of people with autism, in France, is the subject of recommendations of good practices published by the High health authorities, those are actually supported through the autism plan 2013-2017. According to those recommendations, developemental, cognitive and behavioral approachs are central and research works still essential. Objective : This doctoral reseach is focusing on psycho-educational strategies used by different medico-social institutions on ASD people of various developemental profils and various behaviors. The purpose is to analyse the impact of those strategies on psycho-educational development, socio-adaptative evolution and autistic behaviors over a period of three years. Hypothesis : We assume that developmental trajectories on cognitives and socio-adaptatives abilities as well as on autistic behaviors are determined by the implementation quality of the psycho-educational interventions, regardless the age range and the autism severity degree of people with autism. Methodology : The population studied in this research comprehends 158 people with autism, children (N=54), teenagers (N=19) and adults (N=105). They all received psycho-educational interventions in differents specialised instituitions (Mainly in Normandy, some in the Great Est). Research tools : - The developmental trajectories have been determined on the basis of regular psycho-educational and socio-adaptatif évaluations during a three years period, with VINELANDII and PEP3. In addition, the ECAR-T has been used to evaluate autistic behaviors. - To evaluate the implementation quality of treatments into the institutions, we built an original evaluation scale measuring the psycho-educational intervention properties. This tool enables to determine actions in place inside institutons, and to make objective measurements about the actual implantation level of psycho-educational programs into those institutions. Data processing : The data process aims to validate the MIPE. It will also be used to estimate the impact of interventions and their characteristics on developmental trajectory. Findings : Results enable to validate the MIPE scale, which makes objective measurements about the actual implantation level of psycho-educational programs. Data process also emphasizes the relevance of the approach offered to our population sample, regardless the age range and the autism severity degree. Conclusion : The outcoume of this study demonstrate not only the relevance of psycho-educational intervention and their display modality for people with autism living in institution, regardless their age (children, teenager, adults), it also highlighs the importance of their implementation characteristics.
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Romain Taton. Étude comparative des trajectoires développementales de personnes présentant un Trouble du Spectre de l'Autisme (TSA) et bénéficiant d'interventions psycho-éducatives. Psychologie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB119⟩. ⟨tel-02191466⟩

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