Etudes expérimentales et numériques du comportement des dalles épaisses en béton armé avec épingles sous cisaillement : Application aux bâtiments nucléaires

Abstract : This thesis, based on experimentation and numerical modeling aims at a better understanding of the behaviour of reinforced concrete slabs equipped with shear reinforcements, by measuring the effect of stirrups on their shear strength. A bibliographical synthesis was first carried out to highlight the parameters acting on the shear stress through the results of previous work and studies such as the characteristic resistance of concrete in compression, the rate of longitudinal and transverse reinforcements, the shear to span ratio the size of the aggregates and the applying of an axial load. The experimental campaign was then carried out on thirty slabs including 9 slabs without shear reinforcement and 21 slabs with stirrups shared in four series, the first designed to study the global and local shear behaviour, the second to analyze the interaction of the stirrups with the longitudinal reinforcement, the third to study the effect of an axial effort on the shear strength and to check whether there is interference from the shear reinforcement on the behaviour of axial effort and the fourth to study the effect of meshing of aggregates by varying the size of their maximum diameter. The results confirm the shear gain through the adding of stirrups and also their interaction with longitudinal reinforcement and axial compression. Also, the stirrups cancel the effect of increasing the diameter of concrete aggregates. The experimental results are compared with the forecasts based on Eurocode 2, the French national Annex, the Fib Model Code 2010 and the ACI 318-14. The results show that overall the French approach ANF (avg = 1.00, std = 0.08) and the fib Model Code 2010 give very close results of experimental values. The EC2 also gives acceptable results with reasonable security margins. Comparison of the analytical results obtained with the EC2, the ACI 318-14, the Fib Model Code shows that both the ANF is successful; The best average of the "experimental shear strength and the numerical shear strength ratio (1.014) was obtained with the ANF (0.03). The modeling of slabs, using the elastoplastic concrete model with damage through ABAQUS EXPLICIT gives results comparable to the experimental results, not only for the determination of the ultimate load and the maximum shear strength but also for the failure mode which is similar to the experimental one.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 23, 2019 - 2:49:38 PM
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Sophia Limam. Etudes expérimentales et numériques du comportement des dalles épaisses en béton armé avec épingles sous cisaillement : Application aux bâtiments nucléaires. Génie civil. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSEI006⟩. ⟨tel-02191445⟩

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