Rhéologie de solutions de micelles géantes : déclenchement d'instabilités élastiques

Abstract : Giant micelle solutions are used in several industrial domains to increase the viscosity of solution. Their viscoelastic characteristic is beneficial for hydraulic fracturing of oil rocks because these solutions are able to transport sand and to keep it in suspension. This thesis examines the rheological properties of a commercial solution, designed for hydraulic fracturing. This solution is particularly difficult to characterize because its flows seem to be always unstable. We have developed a methodology to characterize it in the laminar regime and we have shown that this regime exists at room temperature only for very low shear rate values. Usually, the rheological behavior of this type of solution, in the linear regime, is predicted by the Maxwell model. We prove that the rheological behavior of the studied solution doesn’t match this model. We have designed a viscoelastic model that is compatible with experimental data.The origin of flow instabilities of these solutions is elastic. This phenomenon is widely studied in the literature. The rheological behavior in the nonlinear regime has characteristics specific to these solutions. In particular, the appearance of a stress plateau in the flow curve, preceded by a linear increase of stress with shear. The beginning of this plateau match the onset of instabilities at a critical shear rate. The feature of this solution is the low value of the stress plateau as well as the critical shear rate value. They are consistent with the value of rheological parameters obtained in laminar flow regimes. The effect of some physico-chemical parameters on rheology is also explored.
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Laetitia Pinaud. Rhéologie de solutions de micelles géantes : déclenchement d'instabilités élastiques. Autre. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0030⟩. ⟨tel-02191430⟩

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