Analysis of the projector augmented-wave method for electronic structure calculations in periodic settings

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the study of the PAW method (projector augmented-wave) and of a variant called the variational PAW method (VPAW). These methods aim to accelerate the convergence of plane-wave methods in electronic structure calculations. They rely on an invertible transformation applied to the eigenvalue problem, which acts in a neighborhood of each atomic site. The transformation captures some difficulties caused by the Coulomb singularities. The VPAW method is applied to a periodic one-dimensional Schr\"odinger operator with Dirac potentials and analyzed in this setting. Eigenfunctions of this model have derivative jumps similar to the electronic cusps. The derivative jumps of eigenfunctions of the VPAW eigenvalue problem are significantly reduced. Hence, a smaller plane-wave cut-off is required for a given accuracy level. The study of the VPAW method is also carried out for 3D periodic Hamiltonians with Coulomb singularities yielding similar results. In the PAW method, the invertible transformation has infinite sums that are truncated in practice. The induced error is analyzed in the case of the periodic one-dimensional Schrödinger operator with Dirac potentials. Error bounds on the lowest eigenvalue are proved depending on the PAW parameters.
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Mi-Song Dupuy. Analysis of the projector augmented-wave method for electronic structure calculations in periodic settings. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC073⟩. ⟨tel-02191321⟩

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