Modélisation conceptuelle de l'aléa inondation à l'échelle du bassin versant

Abstract : Flood modelling has become an essential issue in today's society, due to the expansion of urban areas into the floodplains. It is now necessary, for the safety of people, to be able to forecast the position of inundated zones produced by a flood event. Flood forecasting already exists but it only deals with discharge estimations in order to alert public authorities in case of an overflowing event. The delimitation of inundated areas is still a work in progress, and it need several approaches to provide relevant information to crisis managers.This PhD aims to develop and test a methodology applicable anywhere in France with easily available data, able to provide a large-scale and meso-scale assessment of inundated territories while still being usable in a forecasting context. Two models have been developed : first, a conceptual water spreading algorithm that estimates the overflowing water volume and spreads it along the river network and then a more physical method which computes reach-scale relationships between the discharge and the height above nearest drainage (HAND) from simplified hydraulic equations. If the former has rapidly reached its limits, the latter, called MHYST, has shown a real potential by correctly modelling up to 80% of the inundation extent resulting from the May-June event on the Loing catchment.This work showed that it was possible to generate inundation maps from limited data and, above all, easily available data, thanks to simple conceptual methodologies based on a simplified representation of the river beds. The models developed in this PhD satisfied the objectives of this project, even if some interrogations remain, in particular about the estimation of bankfull discharge, which is still a problematic issue, the production of spatially accurate observations of inundated areas which are used to calibrate and validate inundation models, or the handling of complex situations such as flash floods and heavily urbanised areas.
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Cédric Rebolho. Modélisation conceptuelle de l'aléa inondation à l'échelle du bassin versant. Hydrologie. AgroParisTech, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018AGPT0011⟩. ⟨tel-02191220⟩

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