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Le Phénomène topique : phénoménologie, grammaire et rhétorique du lieu commun

Abstract : This study is a reflection about the notion of « commonplace » (lieu commun) that aims at elucidating its nature from two different points of view. The first one is an investigation about the concept of persuasion, which closely intertwines a philosophical inquiry about the intelligible and sensible form of proofs and a historical approach of the rhetorical tradition of persuasive speech. The second one is a research about the idea of a “proper speech” (parole propre), which deals with the relationship between subject, language and expressivity. The notion of commonplace is a central issue for both perspectives, due to its equivocal sense. As the result of a complex rhetorical theory of argumentation, the commonplace is able to highlight the very nature of the persuasive proof, which is to be said and heard through the sensible effects of persuasive speech. Besides, in the “ordinary” sense of the notion, the commonplace is the highly paradoxical figure of an obstacle to the expression of the self: it allegedly reveals the heteronomy of one’s thought and speech, and the underlying presence of an estranged, alienated and anonymous voice inside the interiority. How can one account for the relationship between those two different, even opposite, meanings? From Aristotle’s Rhetoric to Jean Paulhan’s works, this study aims at exploring the historical and conceptual reasons of this equivocality. It eventually attempts to describe the very specific form of speech appropriation enables by commonplaces, despite their irreducibility to the concept of authorship involved in the “classical” concepts of subjectivity.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 18, 2019 - 11:35:20 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02188074, version 1



Thibaut Sallenave. Le Phénomène topique : phénoménologie, grammaire et rhétorique du lieu commun. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010676⟩. ⟨tel-02188074⟩



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