Impacts d'une réorganisations des réseaux commerciaux sur l'occupation rurale : les cités antiques de la Basse vallée de la Seine

Abstract : Around 12 BC. Emperor Augustus decided to reorganise the Gauls. On this occasion, he created new cities and moved Protohistoric towns. This thesis aims to study in the short, medium and long terms, the impact this territorial reorganisation might have had on the rural occupation. Its originality is to model the dynamics of occupation not from data acquired during prospections but fortuitously during preventive archaeological operations. The number of settlements uncovered has been compared to the total surveyed surfaces, in order to base the reflection on the evolution of the density of settlements. This analysis has been conducted on the 1182 archaeological surveys conducted since 1990 in the four Roman cities of the lower valley of the Seine river and has allowed the discovery of 232 Gallic or Roman settlements. The main results are that the creation of new towns at the beginning of the Roman period, has firstly led to a rural exodus in short distances, in parallel with an enrichment of the rural society and an increase in inequalities. This has allowed the appearance of big agricultural exploitations in the second half of the 2nd century AC: the roman villa. Their appearance has nevertheless induced a progressive decline of the small peasantry from the end of the 2nd century forth, and is possibly linked to the development of hamlets around Augustan cities in the second half of the 3rd century. Areas that have not been subject to a planned urbanisation at the beginning of the Roman period have been marginalised.
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Jérôme Spiesser. Impacts d'une réorganisations des réseaux commerciaux sur l'occupation rurale : les cités antiques de la Basse vallée de la Seine. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01H065⟩. ⟨tel-02187786⟩

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