Agricultures familiales et dynamiques de genre au Cameroun, de la fin du XIXeme siècle aux indépendances

Abstract : The development of commercial crops such as cocoa and coffee exclusively for export at the end of the nineteenth century deeply transformed Cameroon's rural areas as well as the social and economic structures of the societies that adopted them. In the Bamileke and Beti societies, agriculture was based on the principle of a sexual division of labor in which women had a central role in food production. Agricultural work was one of the components of female identity and gave women a major economic role in these societies. The introduction of export crops during the colonial period led to a transformation of agrarian systems that affected the role of women. This study analyzes the evolution of gender relations, notably through the coexistence of food (female) and export (male) cultures on family farms. It explores the way in which colonial policies influenced both family systems of agricultural production and social relations (elders-cadets, men-women), especially with regard to access to productive resources. It highlights the ways Bamileke women struggled to preserve their social and economic rights at the end of the colonial period
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Chantal Ndami. Agricultures familiales et dynamiques de genre au Cameroun, de la fin du XIXeme siècle aux indépendances. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC070⟩. ⟨tel-02186340⟩

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