Etude des écoulements diphasiques pour le refroidissement des composants électroniques en systèmes embarqués

Abstract : This dissertation concerns the study of two-phase flow cooling of electronic components in embedded systems. From a literature review, Spray Cooling was selected as a promising technique for dissipating heat fluxes above 100 W/cm2. A hydraulic study, using water and HFE7100 as coolants, has validate models for determining the size and speed of drops from a selection of spray nozzles. Regarding the thermal study, we have designed a test section (evaporator) to study cooling in a two-phase closed loop system.Given the complexity of Spray Cooling systems, which are influenced by several parameters and involve several physical phenomena, the nucleate boiling phenomenon has been isolated in a Pool Boling system with an identical heating element as Spray Cooling experiment. To improve heat exchange, 6 surfaces with different structures (macroscopic, microscopic and hybrid) were selected. The boiling test results with these surfaces have been compared with a smooth surface for both Spray Cooling and Pool Boiling.On one hand, in Spray Cooling tests, the macrostructured surfaces dissipated heat flux up to 140 W/cm2 with significant heat transfer coefficients. On the other hand, in the Pool Boling system, one of the hybrid surfaces has shown to be the most efficient.The results reported in this dissertation contributes on the understanding of the boiling mechanisms of heat transfer in Spray Cooling. Likewise, they open the way to the study of improvements and optimizations of the system for its use in embedded systems.
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Maria Cristina Riofrio Almeida. Etude des écoulements diphasiques pour le refroidissement des composants électroniques en systèmes embarqués. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAI022⟩. ⟨tel-02186064⟩

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