Informatique et citoyenneté lycéenne : apprentissage de l'informatique et acquisition de compétences citoyennes des lycéen-ne-s : étude comparative France – Québec - Israël

Abstract : Our thesis aims to feed the debate about the place of computer science and propaedeutic aspects in the curriculum of the general education syllabus. Citizenship is a founding concept of number of educational systems goals, particularly so in France. We focused our study on the concept of citizenship - Why and how the study of computer science in high school contributes to the learning of a certain form of citizenship throughout the student's high school career. The term "citizenship" used means by being largely polysemous. Therefore, it is appropriate to analyse the typology of the different registers before making a conceptual framework. Our initial approach highlights the citizen components of two complementary approaches. The first one is issued of Condorcet and an universal enlightened citizenship. The second is based on the French B2i and the common core of knowledge in their direct relation to education of a modern citizenship at French school. This targeted typological approach suggests a form of "digital" citizenship expanded to a "MetaCitoyen" (Kolesnikov 2014). Our study analyses three contrasting educational systems : France, Israel and Canada (Quebec). Education appears as one of the strong indicators of "enlightened citizenship" in many scientific publications. On average in OECD countries, there is a civic and social engagement (ECS) higher among educated individuals (Putnam 2000) ; (OCDE 2007; OCDE 2010). Understanding the world in which we are living and the challenges of the society in charge of its management are central to civic reflection. Our research aims to identify the salient points of each system, any tensions and their impact on the "citizenship construction" of the individual. The comparative results should confirm our reflections about the relevance of the role of computer science in the educational curricula of secondary school education.
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J.Marc Kolesnikov. Informatique et citoyenneté lycéenne : apprentissage de l'informatique et acquisition de compétences citoyennes des lycéen-ne-s : étude comparative France – Québec - Israël. Education. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB178⟩. ⟨tel-02185302⟩

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