Inégalités scolaires au primaire à Ouagadougou dans les années 2000

Abstract : Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso with the highest school enrolment rates in the country, has not been included in the Decennial Plan for the Development of Basic Education in Burkina Faso implemented since 2002. At the same time, Ouagadougou is experiencing a high demographic growth rate in the country (the rate of growth between two censuses 1996 and 2006 is 7.6 %) with a significant need for basic social infrastructure (education and health) due to the rapid spatial spreading of the city. In research, little is known on the socio-spatial dimension of intra-urban inequalities in education, in the case of Ouagadougou as in other cities on the African continent. This thesis investigates the socio-spatial factors of inequalities in primary school enrolment in Ouagadougou by using a new approach to spatial inequalities in school supplies (through the merger of the georeferenced schools and the schools resulting from the database of school statistics), and by highlighting the factors (individuals, families and contextual) influencing school enrolment of children aged between 9 and 11 years old. Data used in thesis included data from the 2006 general census of the population and housing, school statistics (2000 to 2014), data from the georeferencing of schools and data from surveys with institutional actors in education. Analysis methods used include quantitative (bivariate, classic logistic regression, multilevel logistic regression), qualitative (analysis of the interviews contained) and spatial analysis. The results of this study show that very few development partners intervene in the field of education in Ouagadougou. Those who intervene essentially make outreach, provision of school supplies to students, and very little is being done to build new classrooms. In the cases of the school supply, public primary schools are more implanted in the city centre. The schools who implanted in the slums around the city of Ouagadougou are essentially private and have a bad learning condition. The development of school supplies on the periphery of Ouagadougou city is not depending only on the political will but also depends on management of urban space in which the parcelling has an important role. With regards of analysis of the school factors, the familial status of children is very determined in the school enrolment of children in the city centre, particularly for girls who are used in the domestic activities. In contrast, at the periphery untied, the variables who determined the school enrolment of children are the household's economic conditions and the parent's educational level. Other factors such as the presence of tap water in the household and the possession of transport locomotion are favourable of children's schooling in Ouagadougou. The analysis also shows that there is a contextual effect (even if family effects are more important) in the children's schooling in Ouagadougou. In fact, more the children reside in 'well-educated neighborhoods', more they have likely to enrol in school.
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Dramane Boly. Inégalités scolaires au primaire à Ouagadougou dans les années 2000. Démographie. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB176⟩. ⟨tel-02185223⟩

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