Etude de l'impact des facteurs eRF3 et Upf1 dans la traduction des ARN messagers porteurs d'uORF

Abstract : Regulation of gene expression at the translational level is increasingly being recognized as a key mechanism by which cells can rapidly change their gene expression pattern in response to internal or external stimuli. Bioinformatic studies revealed that half of human transcripts present at least one expression regulatory element uORF in the 5’ leader sequence preceding the main ORF. We have previously shown that translation termination disruption caused by eRF3a depletion induces upregulation of the transcriptional activator ATF4 and its targeted genes partly by a translational control at uORFs, and partly in relation to a defect in Nonsense-mediated mRNA Decay activation, increasing ATF4 mRNA stability. Through their physical association and their involvement in translation termination and NMD, eRF3 and Upf1 are regulating the protein and mRNA levels of a significant number of genes and thus contribute to the fine-tuning of their expression. It is not known yet, in what extent both of these factors affect translational control and what is the subset of genes that are regulated by these factors. In this study, we evaluated translation by ribosome profiling and mRNA level by RNA-seq in human cells subjected to either eRF3a or Upf1 depletion. These analyses allowed us to draw a transcriptome-wide map of uORFs and obtained a list of functional uORFs in our reference HCT116 transcriptome. We also observe that only a small fraction of these are common targets for both eRF3a and Upf1. Our results provide strong support for the notion that different classes of transcripts bearing uORFs are regulated either by translational processes involving translation termination or by NMD.
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Affaf Aliouat. Etude de l'impact des facteurs eRF3 et Upf1 dans la traduction des ARN messagers porteurs d'uORF. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066183⟩. ⟨tel-02182941⟩

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