Séquelles perfusionnelles après une embolie pulmonaire : pronostic, prédiction et mécanismes physiopathologiques

Abstract : Pulmonary vascular sequels after pulmonary embolism: prognosis, prediction and physiopathologyAbstract: Post Pulmonary Embolism (PE) syndrome is not rare after PE: one third of the patients presents residual pulmonary vascular obstruction (RPVO) traducing sequels associated with increased dyspnea and impaired exercise capacity. Some of these patients will suffer PE recurrence or, more rarely, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, whose one the diagnosis criteria is persistent perfusion defect. Prognosis value and mechanisms underlying vascular sequels are still unclear. The present work shows that RPVO > 10% after a first PE is associated with an increased risk for venous thromboembolism recurrence (odds ratio 1.9). Secondly, fibrinogen properties were investigated in PE patients. Patients with RPVO >10% presented more monosialiated Bβchain form. Prediction models for RPVO that include fibrinogen analysis were more accurate than those without fibrinogen data; This results highlights the key role of fibrin in the pathophysiology of chronic venous thromboembolism. Interestingly, the present work shows that patient who will present RPVO had an impaired endothelial cells mobilization. Compared to patients without RPVO, patients with RPVO had lower circulating endothelial cells at the acute phase of PE. This endothelial dysfunction is probably triggered by endothelial progenitors that expressed the very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLr), implicated in the inhibition of angiogenesis and able to bind the β15-42 N terminal sequence of the fibrin Bβ chain.
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Benjamin Planquette. Séquelles perfusionnelles après une embolie pulmonaire : pronostic, prédiction et mécanismes physiopathologiques. Pneumologie et système respiratoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB254⟩. ⟨tel-02182517⟩

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