Analyse morphodynamique des rechargements sédimentaires sur le littoral du nord de la France : le cas de la façade portuaire de Dunkerque

Abstract : In order to prevent coastal erosion and marine flooding, artificial replenishments using dredged sand have been carried out in front of key coastal structures along the coast of the Grand Port Maritime de Dunkerque (GPMD). The main objective of this study is to analyse the evolution of different types of artificial replenishments along structures of strategic interest of the GPMD : a beach nourishment of 1.5 million m³ (Mm³) in front of the dike called "Digue des Alliés" in the seaside resort of Malo-les-Bains and a subtidal nourishment of 3 Mm³ in front of the "Digue du Ruytingen" in the Western Port. Successive topographic and bathymetric surveys enabled to evaluate the sediment budgets of the nourished zones. Although the sediment budgets are negative in both cases, sans losses are nevertheless moderate compared to other artificial replenishments around the world, particularly for the beach fill in front of the "Digue des Alliés" where sediment volume decreased by 12.3% over three years. Significant erosion has been identified in the western part of the nourishment site, the eroded material being partly redistributed eastward along th beach of Malo-les-Bains under the influence of tidal currents and littoral drift. The subtidal replenishment lost a higher proportion of its initial sediment volume compared to the subaerial beach replenishment. Analysis of hydro-meteorological forcing showed that the morpho-sedimentary evolution of each operation strongly depends on their wave exposition, the subtidal replenishment in front of the "Digue du Ruytingen" being much more exposed to the dominant waves from W than the one in Malo-les-Bains more influenced by waves from NE.
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Alexandra Spodar. Analyse morphodynamique des rechargements sédimentaires sur le littoral du nord de la France : le cas de la façade portuaire de Dunkerque. Géomorphologie. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018DUNK0475⟩. ⟨tel-02182029⟩

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