De l'interprétation des clauses contractuelles à la qualification du contrat

Abstract : A contractual process begins with the intention of the parties to agree on the essential elements of a contract. This process which results in the creation of obligations, may be the cause of a disagreement. When a judge has to rule on a contractual dispute, the processes of interpretation and characterization of the contract which he has to perform have a double function. First, the interpretation of the contents of the contract allows the judge to identify the factual elements which are evidence of the intention of the parties to enter into a contract. Secondly, once identified, these elements which contain the meaning of the contract, will allow the judge to find a solution to the disagreement between the parties. However, this solution will only be efficient if the judge applies the appropriate law to the facts which he has identified. To do so, the judge will have to characterize the contract, which consists in determining the category in which the contract falls in order to apply the relevant legal framework. Thus, characterization is a prerequisite to the application of a legal provision. The intellectual process of characterization is the link between the two functions involved in the interpretation process, i.e. the interpretation of the factual elements and the solution provided by the judge to the disputed contractual terms.
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Alain Lagadec. De l'interprétation des clauses contractuelles à la qualification du contrat. Droit. Université de Toulon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOUL0112⟩. ⟨tel-02181938⟩

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