Thermodynamics and kinetics of methane hydrate formation in nanoporous media : theory and molecular simulation

Abstract : Methane hydrate is a non-stoichiometric crystal in which water molecules form hydrogen-bonded cages that entrap methane molecules. Abundant methane hydrate resources can be found on Earth, especially trapped in mineral porous rocks (e.g., clay, permafrost, seafloor, etc.). For this reason, understanding the thermodynamics and formation kinetics of methane hydrate confined in porous media is receiving a great deal of attention. In this thesis, we combine computer modeling and theoretical approaches to determine the thermodynamics and formation kinetics of methane hydrate confined in porous media. First, the state-of-the-art on the thermodynamics and formation kinetics of methane hydrate is presented. Second, different molecular simulation strategies, including free energy calculations using the Einstein molecule approach, the direct coexistence method, and the hyperparallel tempering technique, are used to assess the phase stability of bulk methane hydrate at various temperatures and pressures. Third, among these strategies, the direct coexistence method is chosen to determine the shift in melting point upon confinement in pores, $Delta T_m = T_{m}^{pore} - T_{m}^{bulk}$ where $T_m^{pore}$ and $T_m^{bulk}$ are the melting temperatures of bulk and confined methane hydrate. We found that confinement decreases the melting temperature, $T_m^{pore}
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Dongliang Jin. Thermodynamics and kinetics of methane hydrate formation in nanoporous media : theory and molecular simulation. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAY076⟩. ⟨tel-02181782⟩

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