Modélisation et étude mathématique de la dynamique de prolifération du Typha dans le Parc National des Oiseaux de Djoudj (PNOD)

Abstract : In this thesis, we propose and analyze a switching dynamics model of the proliferation of invasive aquatic plant : Typha. This model which belongs to the class hybrid systems is relatively new in the field biomathematics. It describes the colonization dynamics of the plant taking into account the seasonality of type of reproduction : the sexual reproduction. During the last decade, the plant has colonized PNOD, disrupting the ecosystem and also causing enormous problems for the local population. There had been several significant attrempts to reduce its proliferation.However, these attempts have been futile an inefficient due to the large financial cost. There are some few phenological mathematical models on development of Typha. The propose study is part of an eco-hydrological effort to contribute to the understanding of the roles of each type of reproducing on the proliferation dynamics of Typha. The three main goals of this thesis are : To construct a mathematical model based on biological hypotheses of the reproduction of Typha,– analyze the model and– suggest a proliferation combatting strategy.We analyze sub-models that make up the switching/commutation model by assumptions or considering some hypothesis on the values of the model parameters. We study the zero equilibrium of the switching model, and then we propose and analyze a two-dimensional model by reducing the general model to set the stage for the analysis of the more complicated general three- dimension model. Finally, we determine a condition for the existence of limit cycle of the model. In all the sub-models studies, we establish the local and glob al asymptotic stability of zero equilibrium (equilibrium without any Typha plant) when the basic reproduction rate of the system under consideration is less than unity. We also obtain the condition under which thepositive or non-zero equilibrium of the model/sub-models asymptotically stable when the basic reproduction rate is greater than unity. For the specific case of the reduced model, we show that when the weighted average of the breeding rate of this sub-model is less than 1, the solutions converge to the zero equilibrium. When this average is greater than 1, we prove the existence of a limit cycle.
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Mamadou Lamine Diagne. Modélisation et étude mathématique de la dynamique de prolifération du Typha dans le Parc National des Oiseaux de Djoudj (PNOD). Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse; Université de Saint-Louis (Sénégal), 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MULH5112⟩. ⟨tel-02180823⟩

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