Quorum Sensing in Vibrio spp. : AHL diversity, temporal dynamic and niche partitioning

Abstract : Quorum sensing is an important mechanism among Vibrio species and is involved in many vital functions such as niche colonization, survival strategies or virulence. However, AHL diversity still largely underestimated for the majority of Vibrio species and the current knowledge on AHL-mediated QS is limited to a few pathogenic or bioluminescent species. Nonetheless, these species are weakly abundant in seawater while dominant species in the environment are poorly studied. Our results revealed a unexpected diversity of AHL molecules but also a quite surprising intra-species diversity of AHL production phenotypes. For the first time, we showed that different isolates of a single genotype switched between different AHL production phenotypes among time and we revealed the potential involvement of abiotic and biotic parameters in these variations. However, it appears that when studied at a microscale, Vibrio populations are showing a functional structuration in ecological units consisting of phylogenetically close strains sharing habitat and social traits. In this context, it was necessary to determine if these different AHL production phenotypes were associated to different micro-habitats in the water column. We did not demonstrate that a common language was spoken within ecological populations. This thesis work provide new insights on AHL-mediated QS among a broader range of species and among Vibrio populations and depicts the potential impact of multiple aspects of marine environments on AHL production.
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Léa Girard. Quorum Sensing in Vibrio spp. : AHL diversity, temporal dynamic and niche partitioning. Microbiology and Parasitology. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066650⟩. ⟨tel-02180610⟩

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