Modèles statistiques pour l'extrapolation de l'information adulte à l'enfant dans les essais cliniques

Abstract : This thesis addresses extrapolation techniques for statistical models for dose-finding studies in pediatrics. After a litterature review on these clinical trials, we observed the need of methodological propositions for the planification of dose- finding studies in pediatrics. We deal with this issue using information from the adult population. In a first research, the objectives are to design a pharmacokinetic (PK) study by using information from adults and evaluate the robustness of the recommended design through a case study of mefloquine. Pediatric PK parameters are predicted from adult PK using extrapolation functions such as allometry and maturation. A D-optimal design for children is obtained with PFIM by assuming the extrapolated design. The robustness of the recommended design is evaluated in a simulation study with four different models and is compared to the empirical design used for the pediatric data. In a second research, we propose a global approach to conduct a pediatric dose-finding clinical trial using extrapolation from adult information. First, we extrapolate the dose-range from adults using allometry and maturation. Then, using an approach to meta-analysis, we choose the initial probabilities of toxicity for each dose. Finally, we use the effective sample size method to choose the prior distribution of parameters in a Bayesian setting. We perform a simulation study based on the molecule erlotinib to evaluate the performances of this global approach.
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Caroline Petit. Modèles statistiques pour l'extrapolation de l'information adulte à l'enfant dans les essais cliniques. Statistiques [math.ST]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCB004⟩. ⟨tel-02180597⟩

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