The ultrastrong coupling regime as a resource for the generation of nonclassical states of light

Abstract : Since the advent of quantum mechanics, the study of light-matter interactions at thequantum level has been greatly developed as a research field. For instance, surprisingtheoretical predictions gave rise to experiments with unprecedented interactionstrengths between matter, and terahertz and microwave radiations. These results correspondto the so-called ultrastrong coupling regime, that is reached when the interactionenergy becomes comparable to the typical energies of the light and matter when they arenot interacting. In this regime, intriguing properties can be found such as the presenceof photons even when no energy is given to the system. However, these photons cannot,a priori, be emitted from the system to the outside world in order to be measured andtherefore demonstrate these properties. In this thesis, we studied these intriguing properties and proposed several means toaccess them experimentally. We relied on several physical platforms which are goodcandidates for such studies, and for each one of these systems we devised a model thatcan evidence these properties one way or another. By doing so, we explored the linkbetween the ultrastrong coupling regime and the generation of nonclassical states oflight. Additionally, as an outlook we showed that the light-matter interactions in oneof these platforms could be used to design quantum communication protocols. On topof showing fundamental interest, our results fit in the line of developing applications forquantum technologies using different experimentally available systems.
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Sergueï Fedortchenko. The ultrastrong coupling regime as a resource for the generation of nonclassical states of light. Physics [physics]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCC279⟩. ⟨tel-02178858⟩

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