Acoua, archéologie d’une communauté villageoise de Mayotte (archipel des Comores) : peuplement, islamisation et commerce océanique dans le sud-ouest de l’océan Indien (XIIe-XVIe siècles)

Abstract : Through this monograph of Acoua’s archaeological sites - a Kibushi kimaore speaking village located in the northwest of Grande Terre - this research proposes to study the XIIth-XVIth centuries period, in Mayotte. This period is characterized by important cultural, religious and political changes leading to the gradual establishment of a stratified and Islamized society. It will be question here, through the themes explored by our archaeological study (funerary practices, evolutions of material culture, integration in the Indian Ocean trading networks), to determine the cultural affiliations and processes that have contributed to shaping Mayotte’s ancient society, an island whose complex settlement, characteristic of cultures known as "fringes" - according to the expression popularized in this part of the world by Ottino - is located at the meeting of meany great cultural areas: African Bantou world, Malagasy world and Arab-Persian world, hoisting this island of the Comorian archipelago to the rank of true cultural, commercial and migratory interface between Africa and Madagascar : a "hub and microcosm of the Indian Ocean", to use the expression of Claude Allibert.
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Martial Pauly. Acoua, archéologie d’une communauté villageoise de Mayotte (archipel des Comores) : peuplement, islamisation et commerce océanique dans le sud-ouest de l’océan Indien (XIIe-XVIe siècles). Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCF035⟩. ⟨tel-02178713⟩

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