La protéine de couche de surface SlpB assure la médiation de l’immunomodulation et de l’adhésion chez le probiotique Propionibacterium freudenreichii CIRM-BIA 129.

Abstract : Propionibacterium freudenreichii is a beneficial Gram-positive bacterium, traditionally used as a cheese ripening starter, with the GRAS status (Generally Recognized As Safe). P. freudenreichii has revealed an immunomodulatory effect confirmed in vivo by the ability to protect mice from induced acute colitis. The anti-inflammatory effect is however highly strain-dependent and due, at least in part, to key surface compounds favouring probiotic effects. Gram-positive bacteria, including P. freudenreichii, can be covered with an external proteinaceous layer called a surface-layer paracrystalin layer and formed by the self-assembly of surface-layer-proteins (Slps). Slps were shown, in different bacteria, to be involved in several probiotics traits, such as adhesion to host cells and mucus, persistence within the gut, or immunomodulation. The aim of this study is to investigate, in a P. freudenreichii probiotic strain, the surface protein that plays the main role in the probioticinteraction with the host. The P. freudenreichii CIRM-BIA 129 strain recently revealed promising immunomodulatory properties and possesses several Slps, including SlpB. In the presented work, inactivation of the corresponding gene, CB129¿slpBa mutant strain, caused a drastic decrease in adhesion to intestinal epithelial HT-29 cells, further evidencing the key role of Slps in cell adhesion. we investigated immune response of HT-29 cells towards P. freudenreichii CIRM-BIA 129 and CB129¿slpB. The wild type strain mainly induced expression of the immunomodulatory IL-10 by the cells. Interestingly, th
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Fillipe Luiz Rosa Do Carmo. La protéine de couche de surface SlpB assure la médiation de l’immunomodulation et de l’adhésion chez le probiotique Propionibacterium freudenreichii CIRM-BIA 129.. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Agrocampus Ouest; UNIVERSIDADEFEDERALDEMINASGERAIS, UFMG, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NSARB315⟩. ⟨tel-02178700⟩

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