Les peuples autochtones dans la prise de décisions publiques : entre participation, instrumentalisation et reconnaissance : le processus de mise en œuvre du droit à la participation et à la consultation des peuples autochtones au Chili d’après la Convention n⁰ 169 de l’OIT

Abstract : In March of 2008, the Chilean State ratified the 169 ILO Convention, the first international instrument of international law to protect the fundamental rights of Indigenous Peoples. A new legal and political scenario was therefore opened in a country where the indigenous community were subject to a history of domination, marginalization and exclusion. This ratification creates new stakes for Indigenous Peoples and also for the Chilean state and society by raising the Indigenous Peoples' right to participate in matters that concern them. The research purpose is to understand the ins and outs of free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples by explaining the institutionalization of Indigenous participation in Chile and also to explain the ambivalences of this participatory space supposed to produce a consent on public policy but encountering the Indigenous Peoples contention. The contribution of this research lies in the capacity of showing the complexity of these participatory devices, in which domination and resistance processes are intermingled. This thesis demonstrates their ambivalence since they reproduce power asymmetries while reinforcing dominated actors. The research was carried out from a survey conducted within and in the "wings" of the consultancy procedure set up in Chile where Indigenous Peoples and Government officials come across. About sixty interviews were conducted and a large variety of situations was observed, from institutional consultancy devices to more informal social spaces relating to participative devices.
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Matilde Spoerer. Les peuples autochtones dans la prise de décisions publiques : entre participation, instrumentalisation et reconnaissance : le processus de mise en œuvre du droit à la participation et à la consultation des peuples autochtones au Chili d’après la Convention n⁰ 169 de l’OIT. Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01D082⟩. ⟨tel-02177250⟩

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