L’homéostasie idéelle. Comprendre la stabilité de l’accès aux soins des étrangers irréguliers en France et aux États-Unis (1970-2016)

Abstract : How to understand the stability of the access to care for unauthorized immigrants in France and in the United States, from 1970 to 2016, regarding the controversies and the reforms this access is subjected to? This PhD dissertation uses two hypotheses: on one hand, negative feedbacks would control the French policy; on the other hand, a deep core belief seems to stabilize the US one. A mixed analysis (qualitative and quantitative) is done with the NVivo software on data written by interest groups (680 files in France, 881 in the United States), the press (15 625 and 16 970), the Parliament (1 366 and 1 110) and the administration (190 and 105). A hundred of interviews refined the results.This analysis ends in a belief homeostasis pendulum highlighting three activities of the deep core beliefs: a belief locking (self-censorship), a positive feedback (self-reinforcing) and a negative feedback (self-correcting). In this sense, the US policy is subjected to a belief locking while its French counterpart is dominated by negative and, to a lesser extent, positive feedbacks. But these two countries have their own deep core beliefs. The French deep core, originated from Catholicism, is tolerant towards infringement and favors equality. On the contrary, the US deep core, deriving from Protestantism, is less lenient towards breach and opts for liberty.
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Marie Moncada. L’homéostasie idéelle. Comprendre la stabilité de l’accès aux soins des étrangers irréguliers en France et aux États-Unis (1970-2016). Science politique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLV028⟩. ⟨tel-02177244⟩

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