Les étudiants en situation de handicap entre l'amont et l'aval : parcours d'accès, expériences, et perspectives professionnelles

Abstract : From the finding of the increase of disabled students in the higher education, this thesis develops two main axes. Firstly, it examines the extent, nature and characteristics of this higher education’s democratization. In a second time, it strives to grasp the several forms of student experience and carrer prospects found out from the exploitation of different surveys. Systematically, the situations and trajectories of the disabled students have been compared to those of their valid counterparts, but also according to the kind of disability.Finally, several conclusions have been drawn. First, the kind of democratization observed is mainly a segregated one : it diffracts situations according to studies and courses followed. Moreover, it causes an important drop out. Secondly, whatever the subject is (connexion to the studies, academic integration, success, sociability), the differences of experiences recorded between disabled and valid students are more in terms of degree than nature. Finally, the student experience is often linked to positive perceptions of the future and to a clear improving of the occupational integration ; in other words, the graduation « pays ». However, the comparative advantages obtained stay lesser than those benefiting to valid students. This double movement (improvement of the situations but persistence of inequalities) often leads to a sense of frustration.
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Antoine Vérétout. Les étudiants en situation de handicap entre l'amont et l'aval : parcours d'accès, expériences, et perspectives professionnelles. Sociologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0023⟩. ⟨tel-02175730⟩

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