Réconciliation des enjeux de la conservation de la biodiversité et de développement : Analyse des perceptions de la mise en place d’une aire protégée dans la forêt du Karthala aux Comores

Abstract : At the time of the 6th biodiversity crisis, all signatory countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity are committed to adopt tools allowing the preservation of their natural heritage. Protected areas are one of these tools for biodiversity conservation. These tools can have positive and negative effects on local populations; sometimes they are a source of conflict between these populations and managers. In this PhD thesis, we proposed an interdisciplinary approach to analyze how is it possible to reconcile biodiversity conservation goals and development issues in and around the Karthala forest in the Comoros. More precisely, we addressed the following question: How does the notion of protected area, which is a Western concept developed by international institutional actors, is in conflict or not with the perceptions of the actors of the territories concerned (here the Karthala forest)?We used several complementary methods for developing our analysis. We first analyzed the representations of the stakeholders regarding the Karthala forest as well as the perceptions of the project of creation of the park. These perceptions are therefore compared and discussed to to understand better if they can be a support for reconciling conservation and development objectives. We then point out the characterization of nature experiences by exploring the human-nature relationship. Finally, we propose an integrative analysis of the human-forest relationship and describe the corresponding socio-ecological system from local residents representations, experiences of nature, weights of the resources for local uses and environmental identity. These works allow for an in-depth discussion in the decision making process and the governance of the Karthala National Park.
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Abdou Soilihi. Réconciliation des enjeux de la conservation de la biodiversité et de développement : Analyse des perceptions de la mise en place d’une aire protégée dans la forêt du Karthala aux Comores. Biodiversité et Ecologie. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLA029⟩. ⟨tel-02175475⟩

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