Heterochromatin dynamics upon release from stationary phase in budding yeast

Abstract : The budding yeast SIR complex (Silent Information Regulator) is the principal actor in heterochromatin formation, which causes epigenetically regulated gene silencing phenotypes. The maternal chromatin bound SIR complex is disassembled during replication and then, if heterochromatin is to be restored on both daughter strands, the SIR complex has to be reformed on both strands to pre-replication levels. The dynamics of SIR complex maintenance and re-formation during the cell-cycle and in different growth conditions are however not clear. Understanding exchange rates of SIR subunits during the cell cycle and their distribution pattern to daughter chromatids after replication has important implications for how heterochromatic states may be inherited and therefore how epigenetic states are maintained from one cellular generation to the next. We therefore used the tag switch RITE system to measure genome wide turnover rates of the SIR subunit Sir3 before and after exit from stationary phase and show that maternal Sir3 subunits are completely replaced with newly synthesized Sir3 at subtelomeric regions during the first cell cycle after release from stationary phase. We propose that the observed “reset” of the heterochromatic complex is an adaptive mechanism that ensures the activation of subtelomeric stress response genes by transiently destabilizing heterochromatin structure.
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Hrvoje Galic. Heterochromatin dynamics upon release from stationary phase in budding yeast. Human health and pathology. Université Montpellier, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019MONTT006⟩. ⟨tel-02174627⟩

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