Étude comparative des phénomènes de coarticulation nasale en anglais américain, bosnien, français, norvégien et ourdou

Abstract : This thesis concerns the comparison of the phenomena of nasal coarticulation of vowels in two languages that have phonological nasal vowels (French and Urdu) and three languages that don’t have phonological nasal vowels (American English, Bosnian and Norwegian). To evaluate the degree of nasality, we used a piezoelectric accelerometer (PA) (non invasive and transportable). Five native speakers of each language recorded the corpus of logatomes CVNC, words and sentences. This thesis shows that : (1) an inter-language difference exists with respect to nasal coarticulation strategies, confirming an already known fact, (2) the existence or absence of a phonological contrast between nasal vowels and oral vowels in a language does not necessarily have a predictable influence on the propagation of nasality, confirming an already known fact, (3) one model of anticipation of nasality may be more suitable for one language, while for another language another model may be more suitable. (4) the french auditors don’t disinguish between several degrees of contextual nasalization but there is a correlation between the quantity of vibration from the AP and the perception of the degree of nasality for the auditors of urdu. The interest of this study is that the comparison of the nasal coarticulation phenomena of vowels in the five languages was made with the same instrumentations under the same conditions. Another interest is to show the interest of the chosen method.
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Altijana Brkan. Étude comparative des phénomènes de coarticulation nasale en anglais américain, bosnien, français, norvégien et ourdou. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA012⟩. ⟨tel-02172372⟩

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