La compétence plurilingue ˸ lexique et syntaxe dans l’acquisition du français L3 en contact avec l’espagnol et l’anglais

Abstract : This research is set within the fields of third language acquisition and multilingualism with a focus on developing our understanding of how multilingual competence functions. The research attempts to determine if the languages of a multilingual play distinctive roles in the acquisition of a new language specifically regarding the lexical and syntactic components in crosslinguistic interactions, and whether there is convergence between these phenomena. The research also examines the metalinguistic and crosslinguistic activities which allow learners to manage and comprehend the target language. The data for this research was collected from eleven case studies of speakers of Spanish and English with a variety of levels of proficiency in French. Participants were required to complete three speaking tasks. Approaches sourced from research from the fields of third language acquisition and language contact were utilised and developed to capture the complexity of the interactions, the typological relationship among the languages in contact, and the varying levels of the languages under examination. Using quantitative and qualitative analysis this research demonstrates how multilingual competence operates. The data indicates that participants activate all their languages to different degrees relating to different types of crosslinguistic interactions, syntactic properties and level of language. Participants also typically resort to their metalinguistic and crosslinguistic awareness to help them comprehend the target language and manage their output by the use of cognates, crosslinguistic consultations and inferences.
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Clémentine Force-Izzard. La compétence plurilingue ˸ lexique et syntaxe dans l’acquisition du français L3 en contact avec l’espagnol et l’anglais. Linguistique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA156⟩. ⟨tel-02172348⟩

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