Voir et savoirs dans la théorie de l'art de Daniel Arasse

Abstract : Daniel Arasse’s practice of art history raises several theoretical and terminological issues. Arasse’s methodological thinking is not the explicit subject of any of his texts; it is always inseparable from the interpretation of artworks. The latter, understood as problems to solve, dictate the choice of interpretative tools applied to them. My dissertation discusses the balance between seeing and knowing in the Arassian gaze. Its first part traces the art historian’s education, literary at first and then, following the encounter with André Chastel, more specifically art historical. The second part studies Arasse’s monographic and thematic publications from a dialogical viewpoint: indeed, exchange, dispute, discussion and dialogical thought in general are mainstays of Arasse’s work. They are at the centre of his years as director of the French Institute in Florence, from 1982 to 1989, and remain fundamental in his monographs and in L’Annonciation italienne. This section ends with the two principal discussions in which Arasse was involved and that contributed to the elaboration of his singular art historical voice: on the one hand, the confrontation with Panofskian iconology, and on the other, the discussion with Louis Marin and Hubert Damisch concerning painting’s opacity and the theoretical object. The third and last part of the dissertation singles out Arasse’s theory of art and of the act of looking, through a reading of "Le Détail" and "Le Sujet dans le tableau", two books that propose a revision of the discipline of art history and its methods. The dissertation terminates with an inventory of tools (pleasure, gaps, anachronism, ways of writing), of procedures and of methodological principles (singularity, evidence, subjectivity, knowledge) that are instrumental for any possible future implementation of Arasse’s singular savoir faire voir, the knowledge of making things come to vision.
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Sara Longo. Voir et savoirs dans la théorie de l'art de Daniel Arasse. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA010644⟩. ⟨tel-02172151⟩

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