GRANULAR PLATFORM REINFORCED BY GEOSYNTHETICS ABOVE CAVITIES : Laboratory experiments and numerical modeling of load transfer mechanisms

Abstract : The progressive development of the territory leads to the exploitation of new areas, which are currently being abandoned because they come up risks to the safety of users. This is particularly the case for areas of potential collapse that are related to the presence of underground cavities. Among the many preventative solutions, geosynthetic reinforcement prevents localized collapse. This solution is widely used for both its economic and environmental benefits, as well as for its ease and speed of setting up. However, the existing design methods for granular platforms reinforced by geosynthetic are based on various simplifying assumptions and do not take the complexity of the problem into account. These methods do not consider, for example, the influence of how the cavity is opened, the expansion of granular soil above the cavity, or the stress distribution on the geosynthetic after opening the cavity.The present study tries to improve the design methods by analyzing mechanisms developed inside the reinforced granular platform on the basis of an experimental study coupled with numerical simulations.An experimental device was developed to simulate the opening of a cavity under a platform reinforced by geosynthetic. This device allows simulating two types of opening: a trapdoor or a concentric opening, for various heights of platforms. The mechanisms are studied by measuring the deflection of the geosynthetic, the settlement at the surface and the stress distribution applied of the geosynthetic. A finite element model was calibrated on the experimental results then used to analyze mechanisms finely for many configurations.This experimental and numerical study allows improving the understanding of the stress distribution, the soil expansion above the cavity and experimentally validated the influence of the opening mode on the mechanisms. Based on these results, proposals are formulated to improve the design of geosynthetic-reinforced platforms subject to localized collapse.
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Minh Tuan Pham. GRANULAR PLATFORM REINFORCED BY GEOSYNTHETICS ABOVE CAVITIES : Laboratory experiments and numerical modeling of load transfer mechanisms. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAI025⟩. ⟨tel-02171246⟩

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