Le "théâtre carcéral": des complexités sociales en prison et de l'art comme possibilité de créer du commun. Etude menée en France et en Espagne.

Abstract : This investigation is based on a comprehensive approach to individual experiences of prison. The methodology includes many semi-structured interviews with various social actors in prison (inmates and prison administration staff). These testimonies are presented as part of the analysis. The purpose of this investigation is to demonstrate that the experience of prison involves generating new forms of sociability, in addition to having “de-socialising” and “disaffiliating” consequences for detained people. The concept of “prison theatre” is an interesting guideline for understanding the logics of “representation” and “roles” that are at the centre of social interactions in prison (Cf. Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical analysis approach). The potency of the established and expected “roles” in prison (as “inmate” or as “prison guard” for example) reduces the forms of “presentation of Self” and of socialization among the different social actors in prison. This work proposes collective arts experiences as a way out of the “prison theatre” for detained people and as an opportunity to create a common living world inside the prison and between “inside” and “outside”. Such a proposition is illustrated by the experience-exhibition “Traces and Humans: imaginations of the castle of Selles” initiated in 2016 by the Museum of Cambrai in the prison of Bapaume. This experience raises the power of art as a universal language which allows the possibility for inmates to express themselves inside the prison, to have contact with the “outside world” and to feel like they are still taking part in the society.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 7, 2019 - 4:46:26 PM
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Alexia Stathopoulos. Le "théâtre carcéral": des complexités sociales en prison et de l'art comme possibilité de créer du commun. Etude menée en France et en Espagne.. Sociologie. Université de Lille, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02171132⟩

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