Homogénéisation périodique de plaques raidies à résonance interne

Abstract : This work is devoted to the modeling of two types of contrasted structured plates that exhibit non-conventional dynamic behavior : the first one corresponds to periodic unidirectionally stiffened plates and the second one corresponds to orthogonally stiffened plates. The different regimes of behavior are specified, according to the mechanical and geometrical parameters of the beam and the plate. The dynamic behavior of such stiffened plates is established by up-scaling, through multi-scale asymptotic method, the linear local description of the plate and the stiffening beams coupled together. The behavior is derived from the three-dimensional elastodynamic laws of the materials combined with asymptotic expansions formulation. The study focuses on situations of inner resonance that corresponds to specific mechanical contrasts between the beam and plate parameters. The analysis clearly evidences the enriched kinematics of such plate and yields to a synthetic and analytic macroscopic representation that encompasses the flexural and torsional mechanisms, as well as guided waves. In the case of unidirectionally ribbed plates, an effective hybrid beam/plate model is obtained and the analytical expressions of effective parameters are specified. It results in a beam-like operator that provides a simple understanding of the behavior taking into account inner resonance. This atypical model accounts from the coexistence of two types of dynamic regimes. The unusual dispersion features of flexural and torsional waves arise from frequency dependent parameters, namely, the effective mass, the effective rotational inertia and the effective torsional spring rigidity associated with the plate. The theory is then extended to an orthogonally ribbed plate, and yields a non-conventional plate model with frequency dependent parameters. These results allow investigating the atypical dispersion equation with respect to the geometrical and mechanical contrasts of the structural components. The validity and robustness of the model are also verified by comparing theoretical predictions with finite element based computations, namely the WFEM (Wave Finite Element Method). Comparisons show that mechanisms identified numerically are correctly predicted by the proposed homogenized model. Finally, two mock-ups are considered experimentally, corresponding to uni-directionally ribbed plate with geometrical contrast and orthogonally ribbed plates involving geometrical and mechanical contrasts. The out-of-plane displacement field under random excitation is measured using a scanning laser vibrometer, then post-processed using the IWC (Inhomogeneous Wave Correlation) method. This is performed for various internal boundary conditions and added mass to highlight the ability of the homogenized model to describe different configurations. A good agreement is found between the experimental measurements and the analytical predictions. The presented approach can be used to describe the motion of ribbed panels of industrial interest and/or to design structures having specific atypical features in a given frequency range.
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Pascal Fossat. Homogénéisation périodique de plaques raidies à résonance interne. Acoustique [physics.class-ph]. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSET014⟩. ⟨tel-02170519⟩

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