Implication de la petite GTPase Rab4b des lymphocytes T dans les complications métaboliques de l’obésité

Abstract : Expendability defect of adipose tissue during obesity is at the basis of obesity-related metabolic complications. Indeed, when adipocytes reach their maximal triglyceride storage capacity, ectopic lipid depots are appearing in liver and muscles, leading to insulin resistance. Moreover, dysfunctional adipocytes secrete alarming factors leading to adipose tissue inflammation. This inflammation is sustained by adipocytes and immune cells communications that are controlled by endocytosis and intracellular trafficking. Endocytosis and its governing proteins, the Rab GTPases, could be pivotal in the regulation of adipose tissue expandability. Our team has demonstrated that Rab4b expression is reduced in obese diabetic patients and mice adipose tissues. The present work demonstrates that Rab4b is decreased in adipose tissue T cells in both obese patient and mice. The depletion of Rab4b in T cells in vivo leads to insulin resistance and lipid accumulation in liver and muscles under normal diet. These defects are due to adipogenesis inhibition by IL-6 and IL-17, which limits adipose tissue expansion. These pro-inflammatory cytokines are increased in adipose tissue of the mice depleted for Rab4b in T cells because the number of Th17 is increased at the expense of the number of regulatory T cells. We describe here a new mechanism in which Rab4b expression in T cells control obesity-related metabolic complications by tuning T cells subpopulations in adipose tissue.
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Gwenaëlle Bouget. Implication de la petite GTPase Rab4b des lymphocytes T dans les complications métaboliques de l’obésité. Biologie cellulaire. Université Côte d'Azur, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018AZUR4050⟩. ⟨tel-02170513⟩

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