Genetic Susceptibility and Molecular Characterization of Glioma

Abstract : Gliomas are the most common adult malignant primary tumour of the central nervous system. Thus far, no environmental exposures has been linked to risk except for ionizing radiation, which only accounts for a very small number of cases. Direct evidence for inherited predisposition to glioma is provided by a number of rare inherited cancer syndromes, such as Turcot's and Li–Fraumeni syndromes, and neurofibromatosis. Even collectively, these diseases however account for little of the twofold increased risk of glioma seen in first-degree relatives of glioma patients. My research was centred on two complementary research activities: Identifying susceptibility genes for glioma to delineate key biological pathways contributing to disease pathogenesis and to identify new recurrent mutated genes for glioma to provide for further insights into glial oncogenesis and suggesting targets for novel therapeutic strategies. Collectively the findings in this thesis provide increased insight into the nature of genetic predisposition to glioma and substantiate the often distinct associations between susceptibility variants and glioma molecular groups. In addition the discovery of a new mutated gene in glioma offers the potential to support drug development and advance precision medicine for this tumours.
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Karim Labreche. Genetic Susceptibility and Molecular Characterization of Glioma. Quantitative Methods [q-bio.QM]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS161⟩. ⟨tel-02170512⟩

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