Création de liaisons C-C et C-N par transformation catalytique du CO et du CO₂

Abstract : Apart from the preparation of salicylic acid and urea, few attempts have been made so far to promote the formation of C-C and C-N bonds from CO₂. This thesis describes new catalytic processes allowing the formation of nitrogen compounds through the creation of C-N and C-C bonds by catalytic transformations of CO and CO₂. The chosen targets are the amides and the alkylamines which are essential in fine organic chemistry and yet prepared from petrochemicals. In a first part, the amide synthesis by formal carbonylation of the C-N bond HAS been studied using catalysts based on first row transition metal carbonyl complexes. In a second part, methods enabling homologation of amines are described through the use of metal catalysts. The first strategy involved the use of cobalt catalysts in presence of CO and hydrosilanes which allow the selective homologation of N-methyl into N-ethyl derivatives under a low CO pressure (P= 8 bar). Also, the alkyl chain can be homologated under elevated CO pressures to reach N-pentyl derivatives. Finally, the use of a ruthenium catalyst in presence of a synthesis gas (CO / H₂) allowed us to demonstrate the possibility of the homologation of the diphenylamine. Understanding this system led to translate the amine homologation with syngas to the use of CO₂ as a substitute for CO.
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Tawfiq Nasr Allah. Création de liaisons C-C et C-N par transformation catalytique du CO et du CO₂. Catalyse. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS607⟩. ⟨tel-02169574⟩

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