Thermodynamic and structural investigations on the interactions between actinides and phosphonate-based ligands

Abstract : For exposed person who suffers from contamination from nuclear accidents (Chernobyl, Fukushima) or depleted uranium in war zones, decontamination is required to reduce the sequence damage of radionuclide intake. After an external or internal contamination, the solubilized actinides could be distributed to the target organs (skeletal, liver, kidneys tissues, etc.) via the bloodstream. Considering the dispersion, fate and health effect of the actinides, chelation therapy is an effective decorporation method to promote the excretion of deposited actinides to reduce the health risk. Due to the defect on weak distribution rate to the target organs (bone, liver, kidneys) of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) which currently used in clinics, plenty chelation agents were synthesized and tested in vitro or in vivo. In this project, several polyaminophosphonates ligands, a series ligand originally designed for MRI contrast and SPECT agents, were synthesized according to the properties of ligand bio-distribution, functional groups, coordination site and lipophilic. Then the structural and thermodynamic studies were done with the complexes between metal ion such as uranium(VI) and europium(III) (as americium/curium(III) analogue), and polyaminophosphonates ligands. The sphere of coordination of these cations was observed by UV-visible spectroscopy, TRLFS, FT-IR and Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS). The affinity study was done with UV-visible spectroscopy. Finally, the UV-visible spectroscopy and TRLFS were used to test the stability of uranyl ligand complex with competition metal ion in biological conditions and to reveal the interactions between the ternary system, uranyl ion/ligand/calmodulin. These results allow to better understand the chemical affinity and possible chelation mechanism of the polyaminophosphonates ligands for the above actinides and therefore to promote the design of new chelation agents.
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Gaoyang Ye. Thermodynamic and structural investigations on the interactions between actinides and phosphonate-based ligands. Radiochemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS286⟩. ⟨tel-02169209⟩

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