Etude de dispositifs piézoélectriques et de leurs interfaces pour la récupération d'énergie

Abstract : The future trend of Internet of Things (IoT) is bringing energy harvesting in to the core technique due to its requirement of self-power supplying. For best customer interface and eco-friendly issues, additional sensing systems are to be designed small, wireless and self-powering. Energy harvesting provides a way to realize the wireless self-powered system, it enables the device itself to obtain its own energy from their environment. Solar energy, thermal gradient, mechanical forces, are some commonly seen methods to obtain energy from the environment. The piezoelectric energy harvester is chosen to harvest vibrational energy in this study.In this work, a simple model of the original electrical smart switch driven under ultra-low power is proposed. By using the miniature device to drive the smart switch, the efficiency when low power is provided was examined. To construct an energy harvesting system in a more complete aspect, two newly proposed methods are as below: First, the hybrid-electrical-mechanical switches were utilized to replace the commonly seen electrical smart switches, to reduce its energy consumption such as threshold loss. Secondly, we designed a new mechanical structure for the cantilever array by connecting the beams using magnetic repelling force. In this way, the beams within the array were connected physically, forming a nonlinear multi-degree of freedom (MDOF) -like result.
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Ya Shan Shih. Etude de dispositifs piézoélectriques et de leurs interfaces pour la récupération d'énergie. Energie électrique. Université Paris-Saclay; National Taiwan University (Taipei), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLN007⟩. ⟨tel-02168673⟩

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