Sur l'utilisation de l'analyse isogéométrique en mécanique linéaire ou non-linéaire des structures : certification des calculs et couplage avec la réduction de modèle PGD

Abstract : The topic of the PhD thesis deals with the construction of advanced numerical approaches for the simulation and optimization of mechanical structures with complex geometry. It focuses on the Isogeometric Analysis (IGA) technology which has received much attention of the last decade due to its increased flexibility, accuracy, and robustness in many engineering simulations compared to classical Finite Element Analysis (FEA). In particular, IGA enables a direct link with CAD software (the same functions are used for both analysis and geometry) and facilitates meshing procedures.In this framework, and as a first part of the work, a verification method based on duality and the concept of Constitutive Relation Error (CRE) is proposed. It enables to derive guaranteed and fully computable a posteriori error estimates on the numerical solution provided by IGA. Such estimates, which are valid for a wide class of linear or nonlinear structural mechanics models, thus constitute performing and useful tools to quantitatively control the numerical accuracy and drive adaptive procedures. The focus here is on the construction of equilibrated flux fields, which is key ingredient of the CRE concept, and which was until now almost exclusively developed in the FEA framework alone. The extension to IGA requires to address some technical issues, due to the use of B-Spline/NURBS basis functions. The CRE concept is also implemented together with adjoint techniques in order to perform goal-oriented error estimation.In a second part, IGA is coupled with model reduction in order to get certified real-time solutions to problems with parameterized geometry. After defining the parametrization on the mapping from the IGA parametric space to the physical space, a reduced model based on the Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD) is introduced to solve the multi-dimensional problem. From an offline/online strategy, the procedure then enables to describe the manifold of parametric solutions with reduced CPU cost, and to further perform shape optimization in real-time. Here again, a posteriori estimation of the various error sources inheriting from discretization and PGD model reduction is performed from the CRE concept. It enables to control the quality of the approximate PGD solution (globally or on outputs of interest), for any geometry configuration, and to feed a robust greedy algorithm that optimizes the computational effort for a prescribed error tolerance.The overall research work thus provides for reliable and practical tools in mechanical engineering simulation activities. Capabilities and performance of these tools are shown on several numerical experiments with academic and engineering problems, and with linear and nonlinear (damage) models.
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Hoang Phuong Thai. Sur l'utilisation de l'analyse isogéométrique en mécanique linéaire ou non-linéaire des structures : certification des calculs et couplage avec la réduction de modèle PGD. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLN017⟩. ⟨tel-02167983⟩

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