Utilisations originales d'un liquide ionique : catalyseur et support pour la préparation de polymères biodégradables et composant d'une phase stationnaire séparative à base d'une beta-cyclodextrine et d'un polymère ionique

Abstract : Ionic liquids, combinations of organic cations and anions, are structured media of several nanometers and have very interesting and flexible properties. Thanks to these properties, ionic liquids have found a place in abundant applications, particularly in organic synthesis. In this thesis we have presented three different uses: i) The first use is based on the use of ILs as a controlled ring-opening polymerization (POC) catalyst for -caprolactone under mild condition. ii) The second use of ionic liquids is based on the synthesis of an innovative organotin catalyst / initiator supported on an ionic liquid for the preparation of a biodegradable polymer. The presence of the IL should make possible the elimination of the catalyst by simple filtration. The biological tests must agree our theory. iii) The third and last application is based on the creation of an original assembly composed of native and permethylated -cyclodextrins, an ionic liquid and a charged polymer. This new association could give access to water-soluble materials with new separation applications.
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Asmaa Bouyahya. Utilisations originales d'un liquide ionique : catalyseur et support pour la préparation de polymères biodégradables et composant d'une phase stationnaire séparative à base d'une beta-cyclodextrine et d'un polymère ionique. Chimie organique. Normandie Université; Université Cadi Ayyad (Marrakech, Maroc). Faculté des sciences Semlalia, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR036⟩. ⟨tel-02167632⟩

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