Vers une algèbre homotopique des types dépendants

Abstract : This thesis is concerned with the study of the interplay between homotopical structures and categorical model of Martin-Löf's dependent type theory. The memoir revolves around three big topics: Quillen bifibrations, homotopy categories of Quillen bifibrations, and generalized tribes. The first axis defines a new notion of bifibrations, that classifies correctly behaved pseudo functors from a model category to the 2-category of model categories and Quillen adjunctions between them. In particular it endows the Grothendieck construction of such a pseudo functor with a model structure. The main theorem of this section acts as a charaterization of the well-behaved pseudo functors that tolerates this "model Gothendieck construction". In that respect, we improve the two previously known theorems on the subject in the litterature that only give sufficient conditions by designing necessary and sufficient conditions. The second axis deals with the functors induced between the homotopy categories of the model categories involved in a Quillen bifibration. We prove that this localization can be performed in two steps, by means of Quillen's construction of the homotopy category in an iterated fashion. To that extent we need a slightly larger framework for model categories than the one originally given by Quillen: following Egger's intuitions we chose not to require the existence of equalizers and coequalizers in our model categories. The background chapter makes sure that every usual fact of basichomotopical algebra holds also in that more general framework. The structures that are highlighted in that chapter call for the design of notions of "homotopical pushforward" and "homotopical pullback". This is achieved by the last axis: we design a structure, called relative tribe, that allows for a homotopical version of cocartesian morphisms by reinterpreting Grothendieck (op)fibrations in terms of lifting problems. The crucial tool in this last chapter is given by a relative version of orthogonal and weak factorization systems. This allows for a tentative design of a new model of intentional type theory where the identity types are given by the exact homotopical counterpart of the usual definition of the equality predicate in Lawvere's hyperdoctrines
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Pierre Cagne. Vers une algèbre homotopique des types dépendants. Théorie et langage formel [cs.FL]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC063⟩. ⟨tel-02166953⟩

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