La « zone grise » de la sécurité ? Approche comparée du processus "mafieux" de la police à Buenos Aires et à Rio de Janeiro

Abstract : This study aims to answer how the democratization of security institutions in Argentina and Brazil was closely followed by a process of "mafiosisation" of their policies, based on the case of the provincial police of Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. We chose to work from these two police forces since they are historically known for their corruption cases and their arbitrary practices vis-à-vis the inhabitants of disadvantaged neighborhoods. The post-dictatorship context in these two countries has led to reconfigurations in the "modus operandi" of police forces and new "mafia" dynamics have been reinforced in conjunction with the reinforcement of a security paradigm that is emerging in the very heart of these young democracies. Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro, each representing a "micro-universe" of their respective national frameworks, therefore offer innumerable examples to question our object of study. The first part will analyze the authoritarian legacies of the past concerning the modus operandi of the two fonts. The second part will seek to understand the reworking of this modus operandi from new forms of authoritarianism emerging in young democracies. Finally, the third part, will confront the two previous points to demonstrate to what extent their juxtaposition can create the bases of a common « mafia terroir ».
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Luciana Araujo de Paula. La « zone grise » de la sécurité ? Approche comparée du processus "mafieux" de la police à Buenos Aires et à Rio de Janeiro. Science politique. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCA149⟩. ⟨tel-02166141⟩

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