Développement d’une pédagogie du jeu clownesque : un parcours entre Brésil et Europe

Abstract : The dialogue between practice and theory is the basis of this study. The challenge is the reflection in three levels: the creation of numbers and shows by the play of clown; the investigation of clown theory; and the pedagogy experimentations. The interrogation about clown began in Brazil and came to four European countries through performances, artistic residences, workshops and meetings with artists by Cia da Bobagem group. The clown is a popular and a banal figure at the same time, but there are primitive traces of his play. This work explores this art by many aspects: his principles, his history, his artists, his intercultural practice, his freedom, his poetry, his incomprehension, and his metamorphoses over time. It is an invitation to travel together in a world paradoxically very near, but still mysterious. The first part shows the artistc journey of the researcher influenced by the research and theoretical curiosity. These are fifteen years of clown lived in Brazil and intensified in Europe with the creation of four shows and the realization of several clown classes in Brussels. The return to Brazil is studied from funded projects. The second part opens on the etymology of the word clown opens this chapter which makes a possible relation of the trickster and the clown, than indicates a theoretical sketch about the clown from the sixteen century to the present day: from morality to actual clowns. The third part is about the game as a learning tool of the clown. There is the attempt to highlight the principles of the clown game and the pedagogical elements applied in Cia da Bobagem. The thesis shows that the practice of clowning allows a professional integration, that the theory amplifies the conception of clown through psychology, anthropology and history, and that the transmission of the clown game by the pedagogy of pleasure can be the other way to play and transmit the clown beyond suffering.
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Rafaël Resende Marques da Silva. Développement d’une pédagogie du jeu clownesque : un parcours entre Brésil et Europe. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30082⟩. ⟨tel-02165951⟩

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