Synthèse d'analogues nucléotidiques visant l'inhibition de la Thymidylate Synthase Flavine-Dépendante

Abstract : In recent years, WHO has warned against the major occurrence of bacterial resistance as a global public health problem. As such, the search for new enzymatic targets and the development of new antibacterials targeting them selectively is therefore an imperative challenge. The discovery of a new enzyme among the family of thymidylate synthases by Myllykallio’s team in 2002 and its study has made it a prime target for the design of new antibacterials by its sole presence in pathogenic bacteria, its structural dissimilarity with the classical thymidylate synthase enzyme and its singular mechanism involving a pair of oxido-reducingcofactors (NADPH / FAD).This manuscript, divided into three main parts, is initially interested in the metallocatalytic synthesis of new nucleotide analogues of FAD substituted on the central nitrogen by analkenyl phosphonate acyclic chain. In the second part, the manuscript deals with the translation of this same side chain on nitrogen N1 on a large panel of bicylic or tricyclic heteroaromatic base through two keyreactions: a regioselective alkylation under Vorbrüggen conditions and a cross metathesis step. Finally, th ethird part relates to the preparation of acyclonucleosides comprising a gem-difluoromethylphosphonatefunctional group which is known to be an isosteric and isoelectronic mimic of the phosphate group. The incorporation of this moeitie has allowed the synthesis of a small library of novel ANPs for anti-FDTS andanti-viral purposes.
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Florian Chevrier. Synthèse d'analogues nucléotidiques visant l'inhibition de la Thymidylate Synthase Flavine-Dépendante. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ORLE2045⟩. ⟨tel-02165924⟩

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