Studies of interactions between ions in ionics liquids electrolytes by nuclear magnetic resonance

Abstract : This work is focused on the study of electrolytes for energy storage devices such as lithium ion batteries. The specific materials are pyrrolidinium-based ionic liquid electrolytes with bis-fluorosulfonylimide (FSI) as the counter anion, and also containing lithium.The main experimental method of characterization is Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, which can be used to probe structure, dynamics and spatial arrangements between anions and cations. NMR-based diffusion measurements or spin lattice relaxation experiments, using 1H for cations, 19F for anions and 7Li, are used to study the ionic transport in the liquid and the molecular tumbling of the different ions respectively.However, in order to attempt to better understand the ion transport mechanism at the molecular level in these ionic liquids, the HOESY (Heteronuclear Overhauser Effect SpectroscopY) experiment is used. This technique is based on a transfer of magnetization through space between two different nuclear isotopes. As this transfer is generally mediated by short-range interactions, it provides information on which species are close together in the liquid.A large part of this work is based on the development of the HOESY technique itself, both improving the implementation of the NMR pulse sequence to reduce the experimental time, but also improving ways to analyze the resulting data in a quantitative way and developing an automatic and systematic data fitting procedure. Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and NMR relaxation measurements are also used to assist the HOESY analysis, allowing correlations with distances between nuclei and motional parameters such as correlation times to be established, which will lead to a better understanding of the ion interactions. In addition to this technique development, others ionic liquids including longer alkyl, longer cycle or even an ether-o-alkyl group on the alkyl chain, are studied by HOESY in order to observe the impact of the cation structure on the ionic interactions. Another complementary technique, dynamic nuclear polarization, is also used in order to study the ionic liquid in the glassy state structure which mimics the liquid state.
Keywords : Ionic liquids NMR HOESY
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Pierre Martin. Studies of interactions between ions in ionics liquids electrolytes by nuclear magnetic resonance. Other. Université d'Orléans, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018ORLE2044⟩. ⟨tel-02165130⟩

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