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Dynamic prediction of milk yield and composition responses to dietary changes in dairy cows

Abstract : In order to better cope with the increasing diversity of objective in dairy production (e.g. feed efficiency, animal health, animal longevity, etc.) in a context of high volatility of feed and milk prices, quantification of animal’s multiple responses to dietary changes is of particular interest to help dairy farmers in optimizing the diet. The main aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate a model to predict the responses in dry-matter intake, milk yield, milk component yields and contents to changes in dietary composition in dairy cows. A meta-analysis of the literature was conducted to quantify dry-matter intake response to changes in diet composition, and milk responses (yield, milk component yields and milk composition) to changes in dietary net energy (NEL) and metabolizable protein (MP) in dairy cows. A key point in the development of these response equations was that they could be apply on animals of varying production potential. This was achieved by expressing MP and NEL supply relative to a pivot nutritional status, defined as the supply of MP and NEL resulting to MP efficiency of 0.67 and NEL efficiency of 1. Based on MP and NEL efficiency, an approach was proposed to estimate the pivot MP and NEL supplies, around which the response equations can be applied. Evaluated with two independent datasets, this approach predicted milk yield and milk component yields responses to change in MP and NEL supply with a good accuracy for diets that are substantially different, and across all stages of lactation. In another model, the effect of physiological status (lactation stage, gestation, growth) on animal performance, i.e. milk yield, milk component yields, body composition change and dry-matter intake, were quantified across a range of animal potential. It was found that the model structure was adequate to simulate performance of different dairy breeds (Holstein, Danish Red and Jersey). To predict the long-term consequences of a dietary change, response equations, centred on the pivot nutritional status, were integrated into the dynamic model. This integration has been possible by applying the pivot concept into the dynamic model. This way, lactation pivot curves were calculated, from which response equations are applied. The model built is the first to integrate the two major biological regulations (homeostasis and homeorhesis) in dairy cows that predicts animal performance using a precise definition of milk potential.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 24, 2019 - 5:22:45 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02164017, version 1



Jean-Baptiste Daniel. Dynamic prediction of milk yield and composition responses to dietary changes in dairy cows. Animal production studies. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLA009⟩. ⟨tel-02164017⟩



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