Réorganisation des lipides des membranes par des peptides vecteurs d'internalisation cellulaire

Abstract : Cell penetrating peptides are promising vectors for molecular drug delivery in eukaryotic cells. Despite of their discovery 20 years ago, the mechanisms of peptide membrane crossing are still controversial. Understanding then how they modify the membrane will allow later on a more efficient internalisation into the cell. Lipid organisation after penetratin interaction was studied by DSC and Laurdan fluorescence. Penetratin was able to induce membrane heterogeneity, which could be important for membrane destabilisation during cell internalisation. Furthermore, cholesterol is one of the most important regulators of membrane domains. Due to its strong affinity with saturated lipids, cholesterol presents the ability to form “rafts” (ordered domains). By cholesterol-pyrene, which is a probe that mimics cholesterol, we studied the liquid ordered (Lo) and liquid disordered (Ld) domains of the membrane. Firstly, we determined the wavelengths that characterise each of these domains by multivariable analysis and then, we verify the peptide effect (R9, RW9 and penetratin) in the distribution of these domains. RW9 were the only CPP able to cross the membrane (Ld). We can deduce that lipid distribution in the membrane is important for the peptide internalisation and the interfaces between these domains may play an important role during this process.
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Claudia Almeida. Réorganisation des lipides des membranes par des peptides vecteurs d'internalisation cellulaire. Biophysique. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS061⟩. ⟨tel-02163930⟩

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