Développement d’un interféromètre atomique en cavité pour le projet MIGA

Abstract : After few decades of development, atom interferometry has become an extremely efficient tool for measuring inertial effects such as accelerations and rotations. Such techniques are now envisioned for a future generation of gravitational wave detectors to push further the limit of the current optical detectors. The Matter-Wave Laser Interferometer Gravitation Antenna (MIGA) instrument will couple atom and optical interferometry to study perturbations of the gravitational field at low-frequencies (Hz and sub-Hz). It will consist of an array of 3 atom interferometers, simultaneously interrogated by the light field resonating inside two 150 m long optical cavities, using a set of high order Bragg pulses π/2 - π - π/2. Gradiometric measurements allows a strong immunity to seismic and newtonian noises which limit optical ground-based detectors such as LIGO and Virgo. A preliminary experiment is being developed at the LP2N laboratory, in Talence (France), where a single atomic cloud is interrogated inside two 80 cm long cavities. In order to interrogate efficiently the 87Rb atoms, a gaussian beam with a radius of several mm resonating inside these cavities is required. This can be achieved by using a marginally stable cavity geometry, composed by two plane mirrors located in the focal planes of a biconvex lens.
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Grégoire Lefèvre. Développement d’un interféromètre atomique en cavité pour le projet MIGA. Physique Quantique [quant-ph]. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0063⟩. ⟨tel-02163370⟩

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