Etude expérimentale de l'atomisation de structures ligamentaires viscoélastiques.

Abstract : This work concern the atomization of ligament structures. This study focuses on ligaments produced by free jets of dilute viscoelastic solutions. The multi-scale description is used to study the thinning dynamics of these ligaments. The multi-scale description of a liquid system is initially presented: it describes the system through its scale distribution. This description is applied to theoretical systems as well as to systems modelling the ligaments studied, improving the understanding of this description tool. New methods are used to measure the scale distributions: sub-pixel image segmentation method and Monte-Carlo method. Their combination provides a significant improvement at small scales and allows a measurement of 3D scale distributions. This result prompts us to revisit previous studies where the multi-scale description was used. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a study on free jets of dilute viscoelastic solutions has been carried out statistically. The influence of three parameters is studied: the polymer concentration of the solution, the dimensions of the injection nozzle and the injection flow rate. Based on the results of the multi-scale description, a protocol for identifying ligament thinning regimes is presented. The characteristics of these regimes are measured, in particular the relaxation time of the solution. The measured times are between 24 μs and 6.3 ms, which is in accordance with the relaxation times measured in the literature for jets. The multi-scale approach here confirms its relevance for the study of atomization processes. The measured relaxation times show a strong correlation with the deformation rate of the solution during injection. This result indicates that the solution has undergone mechanical degradation. The injection step should be taken into account when atomizing such dilute viscoelastic solutions.
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Christophe Tirel. Etude expérimentale de l'atomisation de structures ligamentaires viscoélastiques.. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR014⟩. ⟨tel-02163339⟩

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